History of Computing

IFIP Report


IFIP Report: History in the Computing Curriculum (PDF format -- 16 pages)


The following chronology is a compilation of historical computing events that have been taken from a variety of sources. The source (or sources) of each entry are coded and shown after each entry. Students and professionals are encouraged to use this information in their studies and research. Please consult the original reference for a more in-depth meaning of these. The chronology is partitioned as a series of pdf files, which you may read with an Adobe Acrobat Reader. You may access each partition below.

A1 6000 B.C. through 1899A.D.

A2 1900 through 1939

A3 1940 through 1949

A4 1950 through 1959

A5 1960 through 1969

A6 1970 through 1979

A7 1980 through 1989

A8 1990 through 1999

Within any given year of this chronology, events are not actually in a time sequence, although some events are given by month or exact date. In this chronology you will notice some conflicting information, usually with respect to dates, regarding events. This is due to different sources and it is left to historians to resolve these conflicts.

The author requests information in places where certain information is missing. Kindly suggest any additions or modifications to this chronology by contacting John Impagliazzo at cscjzi@hofstra.edu . All suggestions must include the accurate date of the event and the source or sources from which it came. Current events, defined by occurrences over the past ten years, are welcome.

Sources for Chronology

(a) From "The History of Electronic Computing," ACM History Timeline (1994)
(e) From Timeline of Computing History, IEEE Computer (1996 October)
(f) From "How did the Internet get to be such a big deal?," Timeline, Franklin, Beedle and Associates, Inc. (1998)
(n) From the Heinz Nixdorf Museum, Germany (1997)
(p) From Timeline "100 years of computer science on the head of a pin," PWS Publishing (1997)
(t) From Course Technology Timeline (1997)
(w) From "A History of Computing Technology," Second Edition, M.R. Williams (1997)